Facts about vaping

  • The tobacco industry is poorly regulated, so there is no quality control with what goes into vapes.
  • Vapes contain chemicals including formaldehyde – a carcinogen linked to increased cancer risk.
  • The flavourings in vapes are approved for ingestion BUT not for inhaling.
  • Studies show nicotine-free vapes do in fact contain nicotine from tobacco.
  • Vapes contain nicotine salts, delivering a higher and more easily absorbable form of nicotine than cigarette smoking. This increases nicotine addictiveness

How vaping affects teens

  • Short and long-term respiratory problems.
  • The CDC has reported numerous deaths and hospitalisations from EVALI (e cigarette or vaping use associated lung injury) due to the additive vitamin E acetate in vapes.
  • Negatively impacts the developing brain of teens.

Long-term effects of vaping

  • Obstructed and inflamed airways
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Emphysema
  • Hypertension
  • Increased aortic stiffness
  • Cardiac arrhythmias
  • A new law is now in force where all vaping products require a prescription. As a result, teen vaping will likely go underground and become more expensive.

What makes vaping so enticing and addictive?

Nicotine causes the release of the following brain chemicals called
neurotransmitters which have positive effects on the brain and body:



Activates the reward centre of your brain which is how habits and addictions are formed.



Increases cognition and



Causes you to make your own morphine so decreases tension and anxiety.



Suppresses appetite and increases positive mood.

A drug gateway

Nicotine is the most addictive drug to humans and is considered a gateway drug to teens using other substances.

Passive Nicotine

Vaping causes 80% of nicotine to go out into the air so if you’re sharing the air with someone vaping you’re inhaling that nicotine which can cause inflammation of the airways.

Nicotine and the brain

Nicotine exposure can lead to poor academic performance, behavioural disruptions including ADHD and aggression and higher risk of suicidal ideation and completion.

Information Sources

  • Cooper, S. Y., & Henderson, B. J. (2020). The impact of electronic nicotine delivery system (ENDS) flavors on nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and nicotine addiction related behaviors. Molecules, 25(18), 4223.
  • Dugas, E. N., Sylvestre, M. P., & O’Loughlin, J. (2020). Type of e-liquid vaped, poly-nicotine use and nicotine dependence symptoms in young adult e-cigarette users: a descriptive study. BMC Public Health, 20(1), 1-8.
  • Hamidullah, S., Thorpe, H. H., Frie, J. A., Mccurdy, R. D., & Khokhar, J. Y. (2020). Adolescent substance use and the brain: Behavioral, cognitive and neuroimaging correlates. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 14, 298.
  • Hema, R. S., & Aisha, A. S. (2021). Electronic cigarettes-The Unvarnished Truth. TMR Integrative Nursing, 5(1), 30-33.
  • Ketonen, V., & Malik, A. (2020). Characterizing vaping posts on Instagram by using unsupervised machine learning. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 141, 104223.
  • King, B. A., Jones, C. M., Baldwin, G. T., & Briss, P. A. (2020). The EVALI and youth vaping epidemics—implications for public health. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(8), 689-691.
  • Salloum, R. G., Tan, A. S., & Thompson, L. (2021). What Parents Need to Know About Teen Vaping and What They Can Do About It. JAMA pediatrics.
  • Simpson, K. A., Kechter, A., Schiff, S. J., Braymiller, J. L., Yamaguchi, N., Ceasar, R. C., … & Barrington-Trimis, J. L. (2021). Characterizing symptoms of e-cigarette dependence: a qualitative study of young adults. BMC public health, 21(1), 1-9.
  • Soule, E. K., Lee, J. G., Egan, K. L., Bode, K. M., Desrosiers, A. C., Guy, M. C., … & Fagan, P. (2020). “I cannot live without my vape”: Electronic cigarette user-identified indicators of vaping dependence. Drug and alcohol dependence, 209, 107886.
  • Thayer, R. E., Hansen, N. S., Prashad, S., Karoly, H. C., Filbey, F. M., Bryan, A. D., & Ewing, S. W. F. (2020). Recent tobacco use has widespread associations with adolescent white matter microstructure. Addictive behaviors, 101, 106152.
  • Tsai, M., Byun, M. K., Shin, J., & Crotty Alexander, L. E. (2020). Effects of e‐cigarettes and vaping devices on cardiac and pulmonary physiology. The Journal of Physiology, 598(22), 5039-5062.
  • Werner, A. K., Koumans, E. H., Chatham-Stephens, K., Salvatore, P. P., Armatas, C., Byers, P., … & Reagan-Steiner, S. (2020). Hospitalizations and deaths associated with EVALI. New England Journal of Medicine, 382(17), 1589-1598.
  • www.youtube.com/watch?v=I02WbuLiivw
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